Languages, linguistics, undescribed images 

Historical linguists: These languages are related, they form a language family. And these families form a superfamily. We can trace our language through our ancestors to the very first speaking Man and reconstrue his language and thus our cultural legacy.

Sign language linguists: You know, when enough people without primary language gather in the same place, they just spontanely form a new language out of thin air.

transcription [1/x] 

@Stoori Nonetheless, there have been a few recorded instances where signed languages have emerged in a non-urban setting without institutionalised education. Martha's Vineyard is one example we have already come across (see above). Another, contemporary, example is the village of Kata Kolok on the island of Bali, in Indonesia where endemic hereditary deafness over many generations has led to the existence of a well-established community signed language (Branson et al., 1996).

transcription [2/x] 

@Stoori Other examples include a Mayan village in the Yucatan (Johnson, 1991), a community in the Enga province of Papua New Guinea (Kendon, 1980), the villages of Ban Khor in Thailand (Woodward, 2000) and Adamorobe in Ghana (Frishber, 1986), and the

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[second image]
signed language found in groups of Bedouin of the Negev desert in Israel (Sandler, Meir, Padden & Aronoff, 2005). Recently, another such signed language has been found in the village of Kosindo in Surinam (van den Bogaerde, 2005), and undoubtedly others have yet to be identified.

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However, the global situation is rapidly changing. The early twenty-first century is unfolding as the greatest period of mass migration from countryside to cities in human history. The extent and speed of urbanisation in East Asia, for example, far outpaces that of Europe in the nineteenth century.

transcription [5/5] 

@Stoori Either through the concentration of numbers of deaf people in cities and the subsequent growth of social networks, or through the establishment of schools for the deaf in developing countries, we can expect this process to result in the emergence of new deaf communities and new signed languages, just as has already been documented in Nicaragua (Kegl, Senghas, & Coppola, 1999). Indeed, this currently appears to be happening in Cambodia.

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transcription [2/x] 

@zatnosk @Stoori I BELIEVE the one in the Yucatan Penninsula is referring to a school for deaf children, but I could be mistaken. I do know that somewhere in South America there is a school for deaf children where a new sign language is developing spontaneously among the children, many (perhaps all?) of which have never been taught a form of sign language in the past. It's some of the best information we have for how languages develop rather than how they evolve because we can actively study it in real time and the children create it.

Languages, linguistics, undescribed images 

@Stoori I love that! It is so cool how languages are just made by people. There are instances where twin babies seem to communicate in their own language before they learn their native language. We just have this desire to commitment.

Languages, linguistics, undescribed images 

@Stoori *communicate

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